Maria Montessori placed great importance on indirect preparation. For example, many of the practical life and sensorial exercises will have helped to prepare the child for reading and writing. When a child enters the Montessori environment, his or her spoken language is greatly assisted by being given the names of a wide range of objects by means of classified picture cards (e.g. clothes, food, furniture, animals, plants, people, etc), stories, songs, rhymes, news groups and social interaction. The Montessori Language activities are based on a carefully-structured phonic approach to writing and reading.